Design argument

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  • Created by: Isabella
  • Created on: 12-05-13 11:19
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  • Design argument
    • Characteristics of the world
      • Order
        • The world appears ordered
      • Purpose
        • The regularity seems to have a purpose
      • Benefit
        • The purpose seems to benefit
      • Sustain
        • Sustains human lif
      • Aesthetic
        • The world is beautiful
      • Regularity
        • The world is consistent and somewhat predictable
    • Paley's argument
      • Posteriori
        • After experience
          • We experience the design of the world through empiracle evidence
        • Strength
          • The more experience we have the greater the strength of the argument
          • Accessible to all as based on empiralcle evidence.
        • Weakness
          • The believer 'dies the death of a thousand qualifications'
      • Deductive
        • If the premise is true the conclusio is probable
          • Swinburne
            • Use the idea of probability everyday, why should we not use it when talking of God.
              • Mad man in chard machine
            • Temporal order
              • Laws of nature throughout the universe
              • The world appears ordered, and works towards a formular.
                • God would want order as humans can make predictions from consistency and is part of beauty
                  • making GOD more probable
                    • someone must have ordered these laws
                • someone must have ordered these laws
        • Strength
          • Through reason people can come to most probable thing
        • Weakness
          • No certainty
      • Analogy
        • Weakness
          • Hume
            • Weak anology
              • world does not apear mechanical more organic
                • analogy of world and carrot is better, both grow and develop.
                  • Other possible anologies
              • Links between world and watch are weak
            • Other possible anologies
            • have no experience of world making
              • cant' suggest it was designed.
                • Should compare a world with another world which we have evidence of design.
              • Overcome...
                • Have no experience of watch making but it is possible to prove it has been designed.
          • Poor link
            • Just because  the analogy suggests design does not mean the designer was God.
          • World may appear designed but there is other possible reasons
            • Evolution- Darwin- Natural selection etc.
        • Strengths
          • Based on empiracle evidence
            • Evidence from sense
            • accessible to all people
              • all people can reach the same conclusion if the point is followed throughout
        • a comparison of two things to show how they are similar
          • A watch and a world share characteristics which  suggest it is designed.
            • intelligence
              • Because the world and the watch all share similar characteristics, it is possible to suggest they were both designed.
                • If you stumbled across a watch....
            • Complexity
              • Because the world and the watch all share similar characteristics, it is possible to suggest they were both designed.
                • If you stumbled across a watch....
            • Order
              • Purpose
          • qua purpose
            • a comparison of two things to show how they are similar
              • A watch and a world share characteristics which  suggest it is designed.
                • intelligence
                  • Complexity
                    • Order
                      • Purpose
                    • Beneficial order suggests design.
                  • Regularity
                    • Paley also identified that the world acts in an ordered, regular way
                      • All planets acts in a consistent way, meeting laws.
                        • God is the only person who could be responsible for such order
                    • Weakness
                      • Darwin theory of evolution
                • Swinburne
                  • Use the idea of probability everyday, why should we not use it when talking of God.
                    • Mad man in chard machine
                  • Temporal order
                    • Laws of nature throughout the universe
                    • The world appears ordered, and works towards a formular.
                      • God would want order as humans can make predictions from consistency and is part of beauty
                        • making GOD more probable
                  • Aquinas
                    • Unintelligent beings act towards and end or purpose
                      • Archer and arrow
                      • Only possible mover is God
                  • Strengths of the design argument
                  • Weaknesses of the design argument
                    • Hume
                      • Unsound analogy
                        • The inductive leap from the characteristics is too big
                      • Other possible anologies
                        • Carrot- growth and development
                          • weak link to Darwin + evolution possibly
                      • The analogy of God being a designer makes him more human than divie
                      • non-moral God
                        • Why would he allow earthquakes, tsunais?
                        • multiple Gods
                      • Have no experience of world making
                      • other explanations for design.
                    • Darwin
                      • The world appears designed
                        • Due to evolution not  a desgner
                    • problem of evil +suffering
                    • Mill
                • Analogy
                  • Weakness
                    • Hume
                      • Weak anology
                        • world does not apear mechanical more organic
                          • analogy of world and carrot is better, both grow and develop.
                          • Links between world and watch are weak
                        • have no experience of world making
                          • cant' suggest it was designed.
                            • Should compare a world with another world which we have evidence of design.
                          • Overcome...
                            • Have no experience of watch making but it is possible to prove it has been designed.
                      • Poor link
                        • Just because  the analogy suggests design does not mean the designer was God.
                      • World may appear designed but there is other possible reasons
                        • Evolution- Darwin- Natural selection etc.
                    • Strengths
                      • Based on empiracle evidence
                        • Evidence from sense
                        • accessible to all people
                          • all people can reach the same conclusion if the point is followed throughout

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