Description of Anger Management

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  • Describe Anger Management
    • Cognitive Preperation
      • Analysing past aggression and discovering patterns
      • Consider the negative consequences of their actions both long and short tem
      • Recurring triggers and those thoughts that regularly precede outburts of anger
      • The recognition of anger provoking thoughts and that they need to change the behaviour
    • Skills Acquisition
      • Self control through self talk
      • Offenders are taught techniques to help manage their behavioural response
      • Cognitive Skills
        • Aimed at changing thoughts and perceptions of the situation to dampen down the emotional response
        • Thought stopping techniques like counting to ten or 'be calm, be calm'
        • Learn to reappraise the situation so it does not feel thretening
      • Behavioural Skills
        • Aimed at reducing the physiological fight or flight response and giving options for dealing with the situation
        • Relaxation training to dampen down the release of hormones
        • Assertiveness training to help maintain their views without resorting to violence
        • Often includes modelling, instruction and role play
    • Application Practice
      • Testing the offenders skills in range of situations
      • Group therapy so the other members can role play situations that reflect individual triggers
      • Practice dealing in a non-aggressive way
      • Behaviour is reinforced by the group and good behaviour acts as a model for others
    • Devloped by Novaco (1975)
      • Aimed at preventing crime through cognitive processes
      • Identification of triggers that may cause aggressive outburts
      • The triger is turned around to be viewed in a positive light
      • Relaxation techniques to help deal with the physiological responses to anger e.g. increased heart rate


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