Plato innatism

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  • Created by: imyimss
  • Created on: 06-06-18 00:15
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  • PLATO ON INNATE IDEAS
    • HOW ARE INNATE IDEAS HELD IN THE MIND
      • innate ideas exist in the mind as a sort of forgotten memory from when we apprehended them in a previous existence
      • the innate ideas are accessed through a process of reasoning
    • SLAVE BOY ARGUMENT
      • P1. the slave boy has no prior knowledge of geometry
        • P2. Socrates only asks questioning, he does not teach the boy about squares
          • P3. by the end of the questioning, the slave boy is able to grasp an eternal truth about geometry
            • P4. this eternal truth was not derived from the boys prior experience nor from Socrates
              • C1. This eternal truth must have existed in the boy innately
      • CRITICISM
        • simply shows reason in action not innate knowledge
        • the boy could have used past experience of shapes and lines
    • P1. the senses can only reveal particular instances (usually imperfect examples)
      • P2. The mind can grasp perfect universal concepts (through reasoning)
        • C1. the concepts cannot be derived from the senses
          • C2. These concepts must be contained within us to begin with (innate)
      • CRITICISM
        • we can achieve perfect concepts from removing imperfections from past experienced shapes
    • WHAT IDEAS ARE INNATE?
      • mathematical objects - numbers and shapes
      • abstract concepts such as justice and beauty

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