Der Kranke mond

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  • Der Kranke Mond
    • Context
      • Expressionist Style
        • Chromatic melody and harmony
        • Dissonant harmony
        • Atonality
        • Unusual vocal technique
          • Wide range
          • Large melodic leaps
        • Melodrama
          • Sets 21 poems of original French text
          • Dramatic work featuring exaggerated characters and emotions
    • Instruments
      • Vocalist
        • Spechqesang
          • Accurate rhythm
          • pitches open to interpretation
          • standard technique is to sing pitch at beginning of note, but move quickly away
        • large pitch range
          • E - 10th above middle C (Bar 15)
          • E below middle C (Bar 15)
        • Conjunct in first phrases
        • Large angular leaps - aug 9th (bar 13)
        • Last 2 bars - music fragmented by rests (mordents)
        • Dynamic contrasts bar 7 - subito pp after cresc.
      • Flute
        • Mainly low tessitura (especially last 3-4 bars)
        • High notes bar 8 (top E#)
        • Trill bar 5
    • Text setting
      • Syllabic
        • 2notes to a syllable (b6)
      • Word painting
        • Large leaps - Blut (blood) bar 24
        • Sudden dynamic change - fiebernd (feverish) bar 6
    • Texture
      • Occasional monophonic passages - flute (8-11)
      • Mostly 2-part writing in free counterpoint (1-7)
      • Thin texture - vocalist's words and low flute tessitura can be heard
    • Structure
      • 3 verses - begin and end with same lines
      • through-composed
      • 2 solo flute sections separate the verses (8-11 and 19-20)
    • Harmony/ tonality
      • Atonal
      • all 12 notes of octave used in first 3 bars
      • No proper chords possible - 2 note intervals
      • many intervals dischordant
        • Almost every possible interval is found
          • First 6 bars contain all intervals from minor 2nd to octave
    • Melody
      • large angular intervals - vocal dim 8th at end
      • repeated notes - Low C# flute (15-16)
      • Repeated vocal phrase - augmentation at end
      • Descending sequence flute (22-23)
    • Rhythm
      • 6/4 - Slow, dotted minim beat
      • Syncopation - Dort (bar 3)
      • Rests fragment rhythm - last bar
      • triplets - flute (bar 14)
      • Precise performance directive - tenuto and staccato markings - last bar
      • Augmentation at end

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