Deprivation and privation

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  • Deprivation and privation
    • Deprivation - Occurs when the attachment bond is formed but is later broken.
    • Short term effects - PDD model. Robertson & Bowlby
      • Protest - by crying and is visibly unhappy.
      • Detachment - when the caregiver returns the child shows a lack of interest.
      • Despair - if separation continues the child is calmer but shows little interests in its surroundings.
    • Long term effects - maternal deprivation hypothesis. Bowlby
      • Emotionally disturbed behaviour.
      • Deprivational dwarfism.
      • Depression in later life.
      • Intellectual retardation.
      • affectionless     psychopathy.
    • Privation - when a child has not formed any attachment with a significant person.
      • Curtis - Genie:  victim of one of the most severe cases of abuse and neglect. Effects of privation - could not stand erect, could not speak, wasnt socialised, didnt know how to chew or use a toilet.
        • Reversed? Acquired some lunguistic abilities and formed attachment with carers.
      • Freud and Dann - 6 war orphans. Hostile towards adults, underdeveloped weight and speech.
        • Reversed? became attached to their adult carers and developed language and social skills. 2 out of the 6 suffered isolation.
  • Long term effects - maternal deprivation hypothesis. Bowlby
    • Emotionally disturbed behaviour.
    • Deprivational dwarfism.
    • Depression in later life.
    • Intellectual retardation.
    • affectionless     psychopathy.

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