Deng-Xiaoping and China

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  • Deng-Xiaoping & China
    • Deng-Xiaoping (1978-92) was considered as the 'paramount leader' of the PRC
      • He shared powers with 8 elders and most of China agreed he helped cornerstone the development of China
    • Special Economic Zones was implemented by Ping
      • This helped increase freedoms in certain areas/cities for competition and it became a fusion of industrial centers
      • A capitalist system within a communist country - on the east coast mainly
        • degrees of privatization tolerated in Shangai, island of Hainan
      • China's economy became to grow with the average increase of 11.3% in GDP
    • Advantages of Xiaoping's reforms was institutional fortification. As in 1969 a new Constitution was created.
      • The National Congress of the People would recover authority at the highest level.
        • Whereas previously, this was appointed soley to the president and the PM
      • He established one political party
    • '89 Democracy movement
      • Students demonstrated for more democracy and openness.
        • Similar to Glasnost initiated in the USSR by Gorchov
      • On June 4th, there student protest on Tienanmen square in which 1-5 thousand were killed
        • After this, a new doctrine was established in that the Chinese would maintain socialism
          • With the promotion of 'controlled free markets'
      • The attacks symbolized the state brutality and a complete repression of a different political voice


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