Demographic Transition Model

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  • Created by: Sharon
  • Created on: 15-04-15 13:23
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  • Demographic Transition Model
    • Advantages
      • Helps explain what has happened and predict future
      • Comparisons between countries
      • Easy to understand
      • shows change over time.
      • Applied to any country.
    • Disadvantages
      • Religious countries inputs.
      • Don't show any governmental inputs.
      • Doesn't show outbreak of disease.
      • Not as relevant to no European countries - Assumes all countries will follow European socioeconomic changes (it's Eurocentric)
      • Doesn't include impact of migration
    • Stage 1
      • Remote tribes
        • pre-industrial, lack of safe drinking water and sanitation. Birth rate high as death rate high.
    • Stage 2
      • Botswana/ Siera Leone
        • Economic development - increased wealth, improve foods supply, better sanitation, DR falls before BR thus high population
    • Stage 3
      • India
        • BR and Fertility rate decrease as parents want higher quality of life for children. each child £ more thus less. Children less economic asset. Better education = less woman pregnant.
    • Stage 4
      • UK/USA
        • BR and DR same level. Population increase stabilizes
    • Stage 5
      • Japan
        • BR falls below replacement level = declining (and ageing) population. DR stays low to start but may rise because of low exercise. Countries encouraging immigration of young workers

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