Demographic trends and family life

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  • Created on: 03-05-17 17:06
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  • Demographic trends and family life
    • Population of the UK
      • 38 million in 1901 to 64.1 million in 2013
        • Up to the 1950's and 1960's, natural change was the main reason for population growth in the UK
          • Since the 1980's, net migration has been the main factor
      • Up to the 1950's and 1960's, natural change was the main reason for population growth in the UK
        • Since the 1980's, net migration has been the main factor
    • Changes in the birth rate
      • 1,093,00 births in 1901, 698,512 births in 2013
      • Baby booms, seen immediately after WW1 and WW2 and in the periods 1957-1966 and 1986-1992
        • 2012 had the highest number of births since 1971
      • Wilkinson
        • Due to the genderquake, women no longer see childbearing as a priority
      • Beck and Beck-Gernsheim
        • In late capitalist society there are simply more choices available to young women and that they are choosing freedom and independence rather than restricting themselves to childbearing and parenthood
    • Changes in the fertility rate
      • In 1900 the fertility rate was 115 and dropped to 64 by 2010
    • The effects of birth and fertility rates on the family
      • Families had decreased in size. I n 2013, 47% of nuclear families had one child
      • Hakim
        • Voluntary childlessness is a relatively new lifestyle choice, which could only have been brought about by the contraception revolution
    • The death rate
      • In 1901, 632,000 deaths were recorded, 1n 2013 576,000 were recorded
      • Victorian life expectancy was 4o for males and 44 for females. 150 years later, males live for 78.7 years  on average, whilst, females live, on average, for 82.6 years
    • The effects of an ageing population on families and households
      • In 2013 47% of all one-person households were elderly one -person households
      • Wall
        • In 1950's, 40% of the elderly had been taken in by their relatives, but this had dropped to only 5% by the mid-1990's
      • Victor
        • 10% of those over 65 live in three-generation households
      • Lievesley
        • Extended families containing elderly relatives are much more likely in British Asian communities
      • Victor et al
        • 77% of older people saw their relatives on a weekly basis
      • Brannen
        • The ageing population, the increasing tendency of women to pursue both higher education and a career, the consequent decline in fertility and the availability of divorce has led to the recent emergence of four-generational families
      • Ben-Galim and Silim
        • Grandmothers put in a greater number of informal childcare hours than grandmothers, and play a crucial role in helping families with childcare
      • Statham
        • In families  in which the mother is in work or education, 71% receive some level of childcare from grandparents, and 35% rely on grandparents as the main providers of childcare

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