- Created by: E123
- Created on: 02-05-19 10:18
- Democracy threatened by social media corruption - Cambridge Analytica, Russian Bots
- Parties elected in the UK today are often elected with less than 50% of the vote – such as the Tories in the most recent 2017 general election; this calls their mandate into question
- The main sources of these rights and civil liberties are The Common Law, The Human Rights Act, The Freedom of Information Act and the Equality Act.
- Pressure group campaigning for 2nd referendum – People’s vote
- Attorney general Geoffrey Cox found in contempt of Parliament
- Northern Ireland Backstop
- Great Reform Act 1832, Second Reform Act 1867, Ballot Act 1872, Third Reform Act 1884, Representation of the people Act 1918, Equal Franchise Act, 1928, Scottish Elections Act 2016
- Coalition government 2010-2015
- Confidence and Supply with DUP, 10 more seats – Conservatives had to abandon many policies from 2017 manifesto – mandate?
- Sectional Pressure groups with formal memberships and clear supporting groups– British Medical Association, National Farmers Union, Automobile Association, Taxpayer’s Alliance
- Pressure groups without formal membership – Age UK, Stonewall, British Driver’s Association, Frack Off, Plane Stupid.
- Promotional groups (causal) – Friends of the Earth, Action on Smoking and health, Liberty, Unlock Democracy.
- 1980 three main party’s memberships = 1,693,000, 2016 = 490,000
- 1980 proportion of total electorate who are party members = 4.12%, 2016 = 1.08%
- 2015, 300,000 more labour party members due to 3-pound membership fee and new rules – so more could vote in leadership elections
- Turnout – 1979 = 76%, 2001 = 59.4%, 2017=68.7%
- E-petitions – 2007 against plan to introduce charges for using roads = 1.8 million signatures, government dropped plan. 2011 call for release of Hillsborough documents from 1989 = 139,000 signatures, following parliamentary debate papers were released and inquest held. 2016 on whether there should be a secondreferendum = 3.8 million signatures, and 2019 to revoke Article 50 = 6 million signatures.
- Pressure group methods – Plane stupid = invade airports, block flights, occupy terminals, delayed Heathrow expansion with judicial review case. BMA = regular withdrawal of labour for routine operations and treatments. Greenpeace = destroy GM crops, disrupting whaling and oil exploration in the Arctic.
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