Deforestation Case Study - The Amazon

  • Created by: Isobel183
  • Created on: 09-04-18 14:16
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  • Deforestation CASE STUDY   "The Amazon"
    • FACTS
      • The Amazon is the largest rainforest on Earth
      • Amazon covers an area of 8,000,000km²
        • Covers : Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana
      • Covers : Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and French Guiana
      • Since 1978, over 750,000km ² has been destroyed by deforestation
    • Causes of Deforestation in The Amazon
      • 65-70% = commercial (cattle) ranching
      • 20-25% = Subsistence Farming
      • 5-10% = Commercial Farming
        • Mostly soy farming but rice,corn and sugar cane aswell
      • 2-3%  = Logging
        • Including lots of illegal logging
      • 1-2% = Other activities
        • Mineral Extraction (e.g. Gold mining)
        • Road Building
        • Energy Development
        • Building New settlements
    • Impacts on the Environment
      • The Amazon stores 100 billion tonnes of Carbon
        • Deforestation will release some of the Carbon Dioxide
          • Leads to Global Warming
      • Brazil is loosing 55 million tones of topsoil every year
        • Because of Soil Erosion Caused by soy farming
    • Economic Impacts
      • Economic development has brought wealth to countries that were very poor
      • Farming makes lots of money
        • In 2008, Brazil made $6.9 billion from cattle trading
        • World's second biggest exporter of soy beans
      • Mining Industry creates jobs for loads of people
        • Buenaventura Mining Company in Peru employs over 3100 people
      • Logging contributes huge amounts to Brazil's Economy
      • Local Brazilian Rubber Tappers who extract natural rubber from rubber trees have lost their livelihoods due to trees being cut down
    • Pressure
      • Population Growth and migration
        • Brazilian Government offers land in rainforest to poor people from overcrowded cities
          • Pressure
            • Population Growth and migration
              • Brazilian Government offers land in rainforest to poor people from overcrowded cities

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