Definitions of Abnormality

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  • Created by: Rosanna
  • Created on: 31-05-13 15:43
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  • Definitions of Abnormality
  • Deviation from social norms
    • A person fils to comply with expected or accepted patterns of behaviour
      • Implicit; not stated but expected
        • Explicit; stated laws
          • People who break implicit laws could be eccentric, no abnormal
            • People who break explicit laws aren't always suffering from mental illness
              • Differ across cultures and affected by content
  • People who break implicit laws could be eccentric, no abnormal
    • People who break explicit laws aren't always suffering from mental illness
      • Differ across cultures and affected by content
  • Failure to function adequately
    • Person fails to complete everyday tasks like going to work
      • Measured on Global Assessment for Functioning (0=severe 100=normal)
        • People may fail to function before exams, it doesn't mean they are abnormal
          • People fail to function on purpose (hunger strike)
            • Cultural variations
  • People fail to function on purpose (hunger strike)
    • Cultural variations
  • Deviation from ideal mental health
    • People who don't conform to Jahodas 6 criteria for mental health are mentally abnormal
      • Positive attitude, Accurate perception of reality, Personal autonomy, Environmental mastery, Resistance to stress and Self actualisation
        • Most people don't self actualise but aren't abnormal
          • Most people suffer anxiety but aren't abnormal
            • In other cultures self actualisation can be considered selfish
  • Positive attitude, Accurate perception of reality, Personal autonomy, Environmental mastery, Resistance to stress and Self actualisation
    • Most people don't self actualise but aren't abnormal
      • Most people suffer anxiety but aren't abnormal
        • In other cultures self actualisation can be considered selfish
  • Deviation from statistical norms
    • People who don't conform to the majority, two standard deviations from the norm
      • Not everyone who is statistically abnormal has a mentsl illness (high IQ)
        • Not everyone who has a mental illness is statistically abnormal
          • Cultural variations, weight varies in different places
  • Not everyone who is statistically abnormal has a mentsl illness (high IQ)
    • Not everyone who has a mental illness is statistically abnormal
      • Cultural variations, weight varies in different places

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