Defining and Measuring development, underdevelopment and global inequality

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: 11pyoung
  • Created on: 10-01-18 17:01
View mindmap
  • Defining and measuring development, underdevelopment and global inequality
    • Defining development and underdevelopment
      • Peet and Hartwick
        • Development means 'making a better life for everyone'
      • Development should mean improvement or progress for people who desperately need positive change in their lives
      • The terminology problem
        • First World
          • After the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe and the rise of China as a superpower, many of these terms have been abandoned
            • More economically developed countries
              • Wealthy industrial-capitalist countries
            • Newly industrialised countries
              • 'Asian Tiger' economies
            • Less economically developed socities
              • Brazil, India and Mexico
            • least economically developed societies
              • The poorest countries in the worrld
        • Second World
          • After the collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe and the rise of China as a superpower, many of these terms have been abandoned
            • More economically developed countries
              • Wealthy industrial-capitalist countries
            • Newly industrialised countries
              • 'Asian Tiger' economies
            • Less economically developed socities
              • Brazil, India and Mexico
            • least economically developed societies
              • The poorest countries in the worrld
        • Third World
      • Measuring development and underdevelopment
        • Development as economic wellbeing
          • Measured using measurements such as Gross National Product
            • Inconsistences in the ways countries collect such data
            • Black
              • GNP collection neglects the invisible and frequently illegal 'economies of subsistence'
            • Peet and Hartwick
              • GNP statistics say very little about development
        • Development as social wellbeing
          • Measurements of development should also focus on social indications of development
            • Development should mean the end to subsistence poverty and the right to experience 'social wellbeing'
      • Sustainable development: The environmentalist perspective
        • Development should be eco-friendly and not jeopardise the right of future generations to experience the same living standards as current generations
        • Black
          • Sustainable development  aims to improve the living standards of people in the developing world
        • Millennium Development Goals
          • UN
            • Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger
            • Achieve universal primary education
            • Promote gender equality and empower women
            • Reduce child mortality
            • Improve maternal health
            • Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases
            • Ensure environmental sustainability
            • Develop a global partnership for development
          • Collier
            • Under-development has been partly been brought about by poor governance by the elites of these developing nations
      • Modernisation Theory
        • McMichael
          • It became clear after the Second World War, many countries in Asia, Africa, Latin and America and the Caribbean were remaining poor despite being exposed to capitalism
        • Rist
          • It became clear after the Second World War, many countries in Asia, Africa, Latin and America and the Caribbean were remaining poor despite being exposed to capitalism
        • Huntington
          • Modernisation is an evolutionary process that brings about revolutionary change
        • Mckay
          • Modernisation offers economic and social benefits to poorer countries

    Comments

    No comments have yet been made

    Similar Sociology resources:

    See all Sociology resources »See all Global Development resources »