Defeating CCP opponents

  • Created by: evasophia
  • Created on: 13-03-18 09:05
View mindmap
  • Defeating political opponents
    • 'Campaign to Suppress Counter-revolutionaries' in March 1950.
    • 'Three Antis' campaign - August 1951
      • Mao called for a 'big clean up throughout the Party' and this was a movement directed against corruption, waste and obstructionist bureaucracy.
        • It had some support from people who believed the official claims however people found that their friends and family members disappeared.
      • It encouraged ordinary Chinese citizens to become involved with political activities with rallies organised to denounce 'counter-revolutionaries'.
        • Victims were subjected to public 'struggle meetings' where they were forced to admit their guilt in front of large crowds demanding retribution.
    • 'Five Anits' Campaign February 1952
      • This movement was used to remove possible opponents and seize control over economic assets.
        • It focused on stamping out bribery, tax evasion, theft of state property, cheating on government contracts and stealing state economic info.
          • The bourgeoisie and private business owners were targeted. 'Tiger-beaters' were organised by Party cadres in to teams of activists in order to gather information against their former managers and bosses. The tigers intimidated 'capitalist tigers' and some committed suicide before they could be denounced.
      • 'Three Antis' campaign - August 1951
        • Mao called for a 'big clean up throughout the Party' and this was a movement directed against corruption, waste and obstructionist bureaucracy.
          • It had some support from people who believed the official claims however people found that their friends and family members disappeared.
        • It encouraged ordinary Chinese citizens to become involved with political activities with rallies organised to denounce 'counter-revolutionaries'.
          • Victims were subjected to public 'struggle meetings' where they were forced to admit their guilt in front of large crowds demanding retribution.
      • Both campaigns were highly successful
        • Businessmen found guilty were forced to pay heavy fines and in order to pay them had to sell stock to the state.
        • The Party sent cadres into the companies to take on leading management roles, enhancing their control.
    • The CCP used the PLA to attack bandits
      • Organised crime like the Triads had plagued China and its people and the PLA's efforts to defeat them was popular.
      • They intimidated their enemies and many bandits were killed. When a criminal was executed, a bill was sent to their parents to cover the cost of the bullets used in their execution.
    • The CCP knew they needed to establish control over all Chinese territory to make it safe from foreign interference or rival ideologies.
      • Buddhist traditions were banned and the Dalai Lama was forced to flee.
      • Xinjiang province in the West had a large number of Muslim population with ethnic ties to some nationalist groups in the SU.
        • Mao feared of Soviet interference and the PLA therefore cleared all resistance by March 1950 and an estimated 28,000 people were also killed in the South in Guangdong.
    • The Laogai System
      • 'Reform through labour'
      • By the start of 1955 there were more than 1.3 million people undergoing forced labour.
        • Some were common criminals but most were just political opponents
      • Conditions were terrible and death by disease was common. The inmates were forced to attend meetings where they were brainwashed with Communist propaganda and many committed suicide as the only way to escape.

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all China in the 20th century resources »