Soviet Deep Battle Theory aspects

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Deep Battle Theory - Important aspects.
    • Combined Arms
      • Unlike most other doctrines, deep battle stressed combined arms cooperation at all levels: strategic, operational, and tactical.
    • Diversion Operation (offence)
      • Deception planned - Against German forces e.g Operation Bagration.
        • Strictly limiting movement of these forces or supply units during the daytime.
          • Camouflage of the assembly positions and dispositions of the attack force.
            • Strict radio silence of all arriving units, especially mobile forces.
              • Deceptive measures regarding operations of radio and other communication means.
          • Elimination of battle reconnaissance by units of the attacking force.
            • No firing of artillery that was designated for the support of the attack for registration purposes. Registration was accomplished by having roving batteries or already sited guns provide this information.
      • Usually the strategic missions of each operation were carried out by a Soviet front. The front itself usually had several shock armies attached to it, which were to converge on the target and encircle or assault it.
        • Each operation served to divert enemy attention and keep the defender guessing about where the main effort, and main objective, lay.
          • it prevented the enemy from dispatching powerful mobile reserves to this area. The Army could then overrun vast regions before the defender could recover.
            • The diversion operations also frustrated an opponent trying to conduct an elastic defence. (Read more on combined arms)
    • Strakva
      • provided uninterrupted command and control of the War. 
        • instructed the front commanders on the aims of each operation, allocated resources, directed missions, and ensured coordinated efforts of fronts and higher. With disaster looming, STAVKA quickly took action 
          • ordered front and army commanders to stop spreading their divisions across the entire frontage when launching a counteroffensive. Instead, they were to form "shock groups" operating on main thrust lines.  
        • replaced inept commanders, focused the reeducation of military commanders on Tukhachevsky's theories of the 1930s, and started a laborious effort to reorganize the army to support these concepts. 
    • Shocks
      • Deep battle encompassed manoeuvre by multiple Soviet Army front-size formations simultaneously. It was not meant to deliver a victory in a single operation;
      • instead, multiple operations, which might be conducted in parallel or successively, would induce a catastrophic failure in the enemy's defensive system.
        • Commanders would form  "shock groups" ready for their tactical offensive mission - Target and encircle, or assault.
    • Infantry (defence)
      • In defence, the tactical zones, forward of the objective would be fortified with artillery and infantry forces.
      • The goal of the defence in depth concept was to blunt the elite enemy forces, which would be first to breach the Soviet lines, several times, causing them to exhaust themselves.
        • Once the enemy had become bogged down in Soviet defences, the operational reserves came into play.


No comments have yet been made

Similar History resources:

See all History resources »See all Soviet Deep Battle resources »