DECOL. REASONS (1945-1990)

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  • DECOL. REASONS (1945-1990)
    • ECONOMIC
      • MALAYA (1963)
        • Couldn't afford to stop nationalist clashes between communist guerrilla forces and Malayans.
      • KENYA (1949)
        • £10,000 a day to catch a Mau Mau suspect - Money GB did not have.
      • SUEZ (1956)
        • US threatened to remove econ. support unless GB troops were removed.
      • INDIA (1947)
        • GB couldn't afford the cost of stopping nationalist clashes between CONGRESS PARTY and MUSLIM LEAGUE.
        • Less trade from India = Less of an asset.
    • NATIONAL-ISM / VIOLENCE
      • INDIA (1947)
        • Violence between CONGRESS PARTY and MUSLIM LEAGUE - Direct Action Day (16th Aug 1946)
      • KENYA (1949)
        • Mau Mau revolt - violence
      • SUEZ (1956)
        • Nasser nationalises the Suez canal in July 1956
      • ZIMBABWE(1980)
        • Black majority rule vs. White majority rule - Ian Smith vs. Robert Mugabe (CAMPAIGN OF VIOLENCE STARTED BY MUGABE.)
          • BY 1980, OVER 20,000 PEOPLE HAD DIED
    • USSR INFLUENCE
      • MALAYA (1963)
        • Fought to keep Malaya from Communism - Malayan independent to stop this.
      • SUEZ (1956)
        • Nasser bought armaments from USSR
    • US INFLUENCE
      • SUEZ (1956)
        • UK required USA for economic support - USA threatened to stop econ. support when GB troops entered Suez.
    • MILITARY / TREATY
      • HONG KONG
        • Had to grant independen. as it was part of the 'TREATY OF NANKING'    (1842)
          • LEGAL REQUIREM.
    • 'WINDS OF CHANGE'
      • It can be argued that the 'WINDS OF CHANGE' speech was simply a speech that acknowledge-d the spread of nationalism through Africa. (1960)
        • Sudan: 1956 INDEPENDE-NT
        • Ghana: 1957 INDEPENDE-NT
      • British investments in non-colonial markets were more profitable than in colonial ones.
    • EFFECT OF WW2
      • Considered hypocritical to keep empire - as GB had punished Germany for doing the same.
      • INDIA
        • 'QUIT INDIA' Campaign = heightened Indian nationalism.
    • EFFECT OF SUEZ
      • Suez Crisis showed colonies that GB could be defeated with a small army (humiliation of GB encouraged decol.

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