Declining industries

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  • Declining industries
    • Coal industry
      • The use of oil and its derivatives become more widespread
      • Coal faced further competition from gas and electricity which were becoming more widely used.
      • Many mines during the 1920's and many miners were made redundant.
      • There were many strikes from miners for more pay/better working conditions but they were rarely successful
      • By 1929 the average wage of a coal-miner  was about $100 and for a brick layer it was more than $300 a month.
    • The rail road industry
      • Owing to the huge growth of car ownership in the 1920's, the volume of passenger traffic on the rail road suffered
      • The rapid development of a nationwide read network, together with with the availability of cheap cars/petrol presented a very serious challenge for the rail road industry.
      • These challenges proved too hard to meet.
    • Textiles industry
      • Tariffs - since tariffs were lowered on goods the textile industry faced competition from foreign countries.
      • Rayon - This man-made fibre was far cheaper to produce than wool, cotton or silk.
      • Fashion - women's fashion had changed, the dresses were much shorter and they needed less material than they did before the war.
      • Impact on workers - they employed women and children to keep wages lower but the supreme court had made child labour  unconstitutional

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