Dealing w ethical issues

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  • Created by: ruthfos
  • Created on: 31-03-15 15:28
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  • Dealing with ethical issues
    • informed consent
      • presumptive consent - method of dealing with informed consent. A group of participants presumed to be similar to the actual ps are asked whether they would mind being deceived in the same circumstances
        • Useful - Helps researcher to know if real ps would consent
        • Not effective - Actual ps may feel different to the group of public approached
        • Milgram - 14 psychology students predicted almost nobody would go up to the full 450v. Suggested no potential for harm and presumed ps would be happy to take part
    • Deception
      • Role playing - reveal true aims to ps and ask them to role play as though they were naive.
        • useful -  ps would not feel cheated at the end of the study
        • not effective - ps may feel distressed if taken too far by researcher/other ps.
        • zimbardo - not effective way of dealing as prisoners became passive from the stress, some having a nervous breakdown. Guards did not consent to knew self-knowledge gained
    • psychological/physical harm
      • debrief - tells ps true aim of study in after-experiment interview/questionnaire.  Usually to restore to same mental state they were at the start of the study.
        • useful - ps can be offered councilling and researcher can explain why it was nessessary
        • not effective-  harm to ps has already taken place therefore debriefing may not be succicient to over come thsee issues
        • milgram - effective - interviewed ps after a year - 84% glad to have taken part - 74% learned something of personal importance

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