Database Systems - Definitions and Distributed Databases

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  • Created by: lauren778
  • Created on: 10-04-18 13:53
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  • Database Systems
    • Database Management System
      • Software used to set up a database. It holds the relationships between data and allows for data to be interrogated.
    • Security
      • Relational databases allow for a username and hierarchal PW system.
    • Data Warehousing
      • Large amounts of data stored together in a single location, for further processing.
      • Used to support organisation decision making e.g. store card offers
    • Data Mining
      • Interrogating a data warehouse to discover patterns, trends and possible links between items of data.
        • Eg. Jaeger used data mining to look into transactions and the position of items in the store. Found that most items were stolen near doors.
    • Distributed Databases
      • Data stored on computers at different locations, but it appears as one logical database.
        • Eg. A large car hire firm has offices at many airports.
          • A table containing French cars is best kept in France, closest to where it is needed.
      • Advantages
        • Not dependent on one central store
          • Easy to back up data
        • Reduces network traffic
          • Faster response to local queries
          • If one server fails, others can be used.
      • Disadvantages
        • Security issues - risk of hackers
        • If one server fails, no data could be obtained from it
          • Comm. lines are expensive
          • Greater chance of inconsistencyif data is stored and update in >1 places.
          • Hard to control data spread out in different places.

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