DPA 1984 + 1998 & FIA 2000

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  • Created on: 14-12-12 12:14
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  • DATA PROTECTION ACT 1984 AND 1998
    • DPA gives legal basis for the handling of information relating to living people.
      • It is the main piece of legislation that governs protection of personal data in the UK.
    • There are 8 principles convered under the new act. All the information held about individuals must be:
      • held only for limited and specific purposes
      • fairly and lawfully processed
      • secure
      • held only if relevant
      • in accordance with data subject rights
      • Accurate and up to date (adequate, relevant and not excessive)
      • kept only for the necessary period of time
      • disclosed only to the relative recipients and not transferable to other countires without adequate protection.
    • There were changes to this act 1998 which came into force in 2000 and replaced the previous act.  for example information stored on paper and computer are now covered.
      • There are 8 principles convered under the new act. All the information held about individuals must be:
        • held only for limited and specific purposes
        • fairly and lawfully processed
        • secure
        • held only if relevant
        • in accordance with data subject rights
        • Accurate and up to date (adequate, relevant and not excessive)
        • kept only for the necessary period of time
        • disclosed only to the relative recipients and not transferable to other countires without adequate protection.
    • The DPA creates rights for those who have data stored, and responsibilities for those who store the data. The person who has their data processed has the right to;
      • view the data an organisation holds on them, for a small ee (known as subject access)
      • request that incorrect  information is corrected. If the company ignores the request, a court can order the datato be corrected or destroyed and in some cases compensation can be awarded
      • require that data is not used in a way which causes damage or distress
      • require that their data is not used for direct marketing
    • Paper - based health, education and social work records which were created before 24/10/1998 are subject to slightly different provisions of the act
    • FREEDOM OF INFORMATION ACT 2000
      • Gives applicants a general right of access to all types of recorded information held by public authorities, although there are some limitations.
      • it also allows people access to any information about how public authorities carry out duties
        • e.g. making decision on how they spend public money
      • it is also possible for people to request information held by public authorities and this request must be responded to within 20 days.

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