Cultural variation

  • Created by: Rebecca
  • Created on: 28-04-15 17:53
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  • Cultural Variation in relationships
    • Most common form of marriage is arranged - only 6 out of 42 cultures give complete choice
      • Moghaddam et al (1998) found western relationships are individualistc, voluntary and temporary. Non western are collectivist, involuntary and permanent
      • Western cultures have higher geographical and social mobility and a greater 'pool' of partners
        • Collectivist culture relationships tend to be linked to family or economic resources
      • You may never meet the 'one'
        • Divorce rates are low, perhaps half report they've fallen in love (Epstein, 2002)
          • Divorce rates are rising due to to an increase in the importance of personal freedom
      • Myers (2005) found no difference in happiness between arranged and love marriage
      • In china there is a shift towards love marriage (arranged 70% before 1949 and just 10% in 90's)
    • Western cultures emphasis change, non-western view it with suspicsion
      • Western= temporary (constantly seek better alternative)
      • However high divorce rates in western society are a new thing
        • Prior to 1960 only 2 out of 1000 women got divorced whereas in 1988 12 per 1000 women got divorced
        • Betzig (1996) studied divorce in 160 cultures and found that the common grounds for divorce were; infidelity, sterility and cruelty
        • In some cultures women are left with little choice - China and Saudia Arabia
    • More rights for women and increased urbanization are given as reasons for divorce.
    • Sensitive topic to study - can lead to a lack of internal validity
    • Arranged marriages are often mistaken for forced marriages
    • The difference between arranged marriages and love marriages is exaggerated
      • Western parents still have influence of their children's choice of partner
      • In an arranged marriage if the child doesn't like their future partner they don't have to marry them, they can say no


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