Cultural Variations in Attachment

  • Created by: CG24601
  • Created on: 14-05-19 13:58
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  • Cultural Variations in Attachment
    • Van Ijzendoorn
      • Findings
        • secure attachments range from 75% in Britain and 50% in China
        • Insecure-resistant ranges from 3% in Britain to  30% in Israel
        • insecure-avoidant  around 35% in Germany and approx. 5% in Japan
        • biggest differences come from within countries rather than between them
      • Procedure
        • meta-analysis of strange situations across 8 countries, 32 studies overall, nearly 2000 children
    • An Italian Study
      • Procedure
        • Simonella et al. assesses 76 one year olds
      • Findings
        • only 50% had secure attachments, lower than other studies, researchers blame the increasing number of mothers working longer hours
    • A Korean Study
      • Procedure
        • Jin et al. compared proportions of attachment types in Korea to other studies - 87 overall
      • Findings
        • similar distribution to Japan - similar child-rearing styles
    • Conclusions
      • secure attachments seem to be the norm in a wide range of cultures
        • supports the idea of innate and universal attachment
      • cultural practices have an influence on attachment type
    • Evaluation
      • Large Samples
        • increase internal validity by reducing the impact of anomalies
      • Not representative
        • studies claim to study cultural variation, though could actually be studying within countries
        • comparisons between countries may have little meaning
      • Bias
        • Strange Situation designed by an American based on a British theory- how is this generalisable to other cultures?


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