Cultural Deprivation

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  • Cultural Deprivation
    • Focuses on class difference in achievement within state schools. Blames W/C parents and culture for depriving W/C children for essential cultural skills.
      • W/C children do less well than M/C as they are culturally deficient.
    • Cultural causes of underachievment
      • Language
        • Do not teach their children to speak for think in a way that suits the classroom
        • Bernstein (1975)- M/C socialise with elaborated speech and W/C restricted code.
          • Elaborated good foe education and textbooks and teachers M/C
      • Working-class culture
        • W/C  subscribe to values that impede educational success
        • Sugarman (1970)- W/C culture generally sees the world as an insecure place .
          • More likely to seek short-term goals and immediate pleasure. more likely to enter paid worker than HE.
          • M/C values stress being aspirational- sacrifice immediate pleasure for long-term planning.
      • Parental Attitudes
        • They lack interest in their children's education.
        • Douglas (1964)- W/C parents less interested= children less motivated and ambitious. Measured parental interest by number of school visits.
        • Feinstein (2008)- M/C parents more child centred. Reflected in greater personal investment.
        • M/C parents
          • Seek child rearing guidance
          • Help with HW
          • Praise their children
    • Evaluation
      • Stereotypes W/C parents as inadequate
      • Ethnocentric- implies M/C parental culture is superior
      • W/C parents less likely to visit schools as they work long irregular hours not because of lack of interest.
      • Particularly neglects the impact of poverty.
        • Peter Robinson (1997) argues that tackling child poverty is the most effective way to tackle underachievement.


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