Cue Dependent theory of forgetting

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  • CUE DEPENDENT FORGETTING
    • AO1
      • By Tulving in 1974
      • Describes a failure to remember as an acessability problem: the information is there we just can't access it
      • when we remember, we remember the items around the information; these items are 'cues'
        • context cues
          • sensory information of the environment, for example the smell of an old school
        • state cues
          • Pysiological state we are in at the time of learning, for example distressed, more will be remembered if you are distressed at recall as well
    • AO2
      • POSITIVE
        • TULVING AND PEARLSTONE 1996
          • found semantic cues increased recall
        • BAKER ET AL 2004
          • found chewing gum can act as a cue to increase recall
        • Explains common occurances such as the 'tip of the tongue' phonomenom
        • JERABEK AND STANDING 1992
          • found exam results improved when exams were in the same clasroom as learning
            • has applications in education and revision
      • NEGATIVE
        • only an explanation of LTM
        • BAKER ET AL-only improved memory a day after not immediately
        • no explanation of why emotionally charged memories are remembered for longer and more vividly

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