Cuban Missile Crisis 1962

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  • Cuban Missile Crisis 1962
    • USSR
      • Nikita Khrushchev
    • USA
      • John F.Kennedy
        • Kennedy was prepared to risk nuclear war as Latin America was the US's sphere of influence.
          • 22 October: Kennedy announced a quarantine zone around Cuba,
            • Soviet ships turned away.
              • Agreement made that Khrushchev would remove all missiles from Cuba, and the US would remove missiles from Turkey.
      • Dean Rusk (US Secretary of State) 'The superpowers were eyeball to eyeball'
      • American spy planes took photos of missile construction in Cuba.
        • Bases were for Soviet medium range ballistic missiles.
    • It was the closest the world had ever come to a full scale nuclear war.
    • Cuba
      • Fidel Castro
        • Che Guevara
      • Cuba had been a US sphere of influence since 1898.
        • This changed when the corrupt Fulgencio Batista was overthrown by Castro in 1959.
      • The American gov. cut off all trade in arms to Cuba after the revolution.
        • The US decided to cut its trade in sugar with Cuba- therefore having serious consequences for the Cuban econcomy
      • Bay of Pigs Invasion 1961. American defeat...
        • This invasion caused relations to further deteriorate.
          • The US decided to cut its trade in sugar with Cuba- therefore having serious consequences for the Cuban econcomy
    • Results
      • "Hot line link"
      • Nuclear Test Ban Treaty 1963
      • Detente

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