Cross-cultural variations of Strange Situation

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  • Cross-cultural variation of Ainsworth- Strange Situation
    • Takahasi
      • Japan
      • 68% of infants securely attached - 32% insecure resistant
      • No insecure-avoident due to cultural differences
      • 60 middle classed Japanese infants, raised at home by their mothers
      • Evaluation: Distress for infants- Ethical Issue + Small sample size, all middle classed
    • Van Izendoorn + Kroonenberg
      • Secure attachment the highest in UK - 75%
      • Secure attachment the lowest in China - 50%
      • Evaluation: Small sample sizes, eg 22 in China. + Small number of studies per each country
      • Avoident attachment the most common in West Germany- 35%


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