Critical Criminologies

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  • Critical Criminologies
    • The traditional Marxist approach
      • Law creation and dominant hegemony
        • In capitalisit societies the ruling class impose their values, those that are beneficial to themselves
        • They do this through a number of agencies, education religion and the mass media
      • Law enforcement
        • The police and the judicial system works in favor of the ruling class and so mostly arrest the working class
        • Actual laws are fair but the rich are let off and the poor are targetted
      • Crime and control
        • Crime is used to divert the majority if the population away from an understanding of the true causes of their situation through the use of agencies
        • Crime supports the ideology of capitalism as it diverts attention away from the exploitative nature of capitalism
      • Individual motivation
        • Bonger says that capitalism is based on competition, selfishness and greed and this formed peoples attitudes to life - crime is a normal outcome of this way of thinking
    • New criminology
      • New criminologies like Marxism and interactionists look at the causes of crime like deprivation and upbringing
      • Is unbiased and uses new investigation methods such as covert or overt participant observation
      • Hall et al, was the first to look at the caues of muggings in britain, he looked at media influence, deprivation, injustice and moral panics that disadvantaged ethnic groups
    • Marxist subculture theory
      • Capitalism maintains control over the majority of the population in two ways
        • Ideological dominance through the media
        • Economic pressures - people want to keep their jobs and pay thier mortgages
      • Brake
        • Resistance is shown through working-class youth sub-cultures
        • The clothes theey wearand the language they use show their disdain of capitalism and their awareness of their position in it
          • He calls this resistance "magical". This means that subcultures give the illusion of solving their problems but don't

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