Crime Statistics

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  • Crime Statistics
    • Last year 4.1 million crimes were recorded by the police! however, he BCS suggested crime went up by 4% and repots 9.6 million were reported
    • 3 sources of Stats on crime
      • Crime Victimisation Surveys
        • Cover approx. 45,000 Adults
        • First Introduced in 1982
        • Only covers people over 16.
      • Self-Report Studies
        • Selected cross section of the Population.
        • E.g. Youth Lifestyles Survey
      • Police Recorded Crime
        • All crimes reported and recorded by the police.
        • Violence, sexual offences, robbery, criminal damage etc.
        • Some other types of crime is covered by other agencies e.g. British Transport Police
    • Strengths of Police Recorded Crime
      • Readily avaliable
      • over 110 categories = more breadth of coverage
      • easy to make comparisions
      • allows us to assess the efficiency of the police
    • Limitations of Police Recorded Crime
      • Lacks validity
      • People may not know they're victims of crime
      • Not all reported crimes get recorded
      • no of offences will vary with police initiatives
      • Limitations of the BCS
        • limited range of crimes
        • survey of private individuals- Doesn't explore Corporate crime
        • Only certain cross section of the population e.g. No homeless people
        • interview conditions will affect reporting rate
    • Strengths of the BCS
      • reveals dark figures of crime
      • gives a picture of the extent and patterns
      • Asks questions about perceptions of crime and fear to crime
    • Strengths of Self Report Studies
      • Specific & Quick
      • Anonomous
      • Weaknesses Of Self Report Studies
        • Answers given may be false/ Lied about.
          • Doesn't apply to all groups in society


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