Functionalist explanations of crime

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  • Crime + Deviance: Functionalist
    • Hirschi
      • Why don't people commit crime?
        • Social bonds
          • -Attachment
          • Commitment
          • -Involvement
          • Belief
    • Durkheim
      • Anomie
        • Social change
          • Collective conscience is weakened
            • People look after own selfish needs
              • Crime rates rocket
      • Positive fuctions of crime:
        • Crime is  inevitable and necessary
          • Perfect balance of crime will keep society healthy
            • Re-affirming the boundaires
            • Changing values
            • Social cohesion
            • Safety value
            • Employment
    • Merton
      • Strain theory
        • goals and means of society
          • lower down had restricted goals
          • GOALS= MONEY AND MATERIAL WEALTH
          • MEANS= HARD WORK AND EDUCATIONAL SUCCESS
        • Conformity
          • Innovation
            • Ritualism
              • Retreatism
                • Rebellion

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