Crime and Gender

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  • Created by: Rebecca
  • Created on: 04-01-13 16:29
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  • Crime and Gender
    • Controversial issue
    • Men commit more crime than women
      • Serious and violent offence
      • Sexual offences
      • Stranger assaults on children
    • Female criminality
      • Linked to a number of factors
        • Homosexuality
        • Alcohol abuse
        • Psychiatric disturbances
        • Neurological abnormalities
        • Impulse control
      • Gender roles
        • Expectations of women
        • Link between crime, power and dominance
        • Socioeconomic status
      • Theories
        • La Donna Delinquent - Lombrosso (1893)
          • Positivist perspective
          • Lack of moral and sexual restraints
        • Psychopathia Sexualis - Kraft-Ebing (1886)
          • Studied the mental state of sex criminals
          • Four states (related to sexual desire)
            • Paradoxia - wrong time
            • Anaesthesia - insufficient
            • Hyperesthesia - excessive
            • Paraesthesia - misdirected
        • Sexual Inversion - Ellis (1897)
          • Looked at sexual relations of homosexual males
          • Objective study
          • Developed a number of psychological concepts
            • Autoerotism
              • Sexual stimulation through internal stimuli
            • Narcissism
              • Personality disorder
              • Excessive love for and preoccupation with oneself
        • Five Hundred Delinquent Women -Glueck and Glueck (1934)
          • Tracked careers of women released from a reformatory
            • Case studies
            • Lengthy follow up periods
          • Court records, school records, personal interviews, physical exams, and parole records
          • Social & hereditary (biological) factors of female offending
          • Mental instabilities and marginal economic circumstances contributed to crime
        • The Criminality of Women - Pollak (1950)
          • Female crime is more easily hidden
            • Better opportunities
          • CJS is biased against women
            • Convict and sentence too leniently
          • Women commit just as much crime as men
          • Women inherently decietful

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