sociology crime and deviance booklet 1

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  • Created by: ashleigh
  • Created on: 20-12-13 09:03
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  • Crime and Deviance
    • Crime = Any act that breaks the laws of society.
    • Social control = agencies put in place to try and reduce deviance and crime.
    • Deviance = Behaviour that works away from the norms and values of society e.g spitting
    • The perfect amount of crime will keep society healthy and avoid anomie.
      • Durkheim believes crime is inevitable and has postive functions.
      • Normlessness
    • 5 positive functions of crime
      • Re-marking boundaries
        • Media coverage
          • Social bonds
            • Safety valve (reduces more serious problems)
              • Malfunctioning society
              • 4 deviant adaptions
                • Innovation - criminal behaviour as an adaption
                  • Retreatism - Habitual drug users & alcoholics
                    • Ritualism - people in dead end jobs
                      • Rebellion - Karl Marx and Martin Luther king
                        • Stand up for what they believe in, powerful.
  • Durkheim believes crime is inevitable and has postive functions.
  • Merton believes people engage in deviant behaviour when they are unable to achieve socially approved goals.
    • Crime and Deviance
      • Crime = Any act that breaks the laws of society.
      • Social control = agencies put in place to try and reduce deviance and crime.
      • Deviance = Behaviour that works away from the norms and values of society e.g spitting
      • The perfect amount of crime will keep society healthy and avoid anomie.
        • Normlessness
      • 5 positive functions of crime
        • Re-marking boundaries
          • Media coverage
            • Social bonds
              • Safety valve (reduces more serious problems)
                • Malfunctioning society
                • 4 deviant adaptions
                  • Innovation - criminal behaviour as an adaption
                    • Retreatism - Habitual drug users & alcoholics
                      • Ritualism - people in dead end jobs
                        • Rebellion - Karl Marx and Martin Luther king
                          • Stand up for what they believe in, powerful.
  • Without C & D the most slight slip would become a crime
    • Coughing without covering your mouth
  • Social strain prouduces frustration
    • creates a pressure to deviate
      • Merton calls the strain to anomie

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