Crime and Deviance - 17 marks

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  • Crime and Deviance - 17 marks
    • Two reasons why young people may commit deviant behaviour
      • Labelling
        • Becker - interactionist
      • Thrillseeking
        • postmodernist - Katz  & Lyng
    • Two ways youth deviance is influenced by social class
      • W/C
        • Coles - poor = crimes
        • Wallamsley et al 41% of prisoners are w/c but only 19% in population
        • Youth Lifestyle Survey - w/c persistant or serious crimes
      • M/C
        • Graham & Bowling - M/C youth just as likely to commit crime e.g white collar crime
        • Messerschmidt - Masculinity
    • Two ways youth deviance is influenced by ethnicity
      • Black/Asian youths are more likely to be stopped and & searched
        • Institutional racism - Hall, Alexander, Hood, Blom Cooper and Drabble
      • Some ethnic minorities e.g black and asians have a high population in prison
        • ethnic minorities actually commit more crime due to family - sewell or education - gillborn
    • Two ways in which the media may create youth deviance
      • Role Models
        • Sewell
      • Deviancy Amplification
        • Moral panics - thornton
    • Two ways youth deviance is influenced by gender
      • Girls are less likely to commit cime
        • Parental control - Box
        • McRobbie & Garber - bedroom culture
      • Boys are more likely to commit violent crimes
        • Messerschmidt - Masculinity - committing crimes seen as masculine
    • Two ways labelling creates youth deviance
      • Self Fufilling Prophecy
        • Becker - labelling leads to self fufulling prophecy
      • Moral Panics
        • Becker
        • Thornton - Raves
    • Two characteristics of moral panics involving young people
      • concern
        • Goode & Ben Yehuda
      • hostility
        • Goode & Ben Yehuda
    • Two features of the functionalist view of youth deviance
      • Strain Theory
        • Merton
      • Status Frustration
        • Cohen
    • Two features of marxist view of youth deviance
      • traditional marxism
        • CCCS
      • Left Realism
        • Lea & Young
    • Two ways that youth deviance may have changed in postmodern society
      • Pleasure in committing crime
        • Katz
      • Risk Taking
        • Lyng

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