Crime and Punishment: Transportation (1750-1900)

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  • Transportation
    • 1750
      • people whose crimes did not deserve the death penalty were transported to America
    • 1776
      • after America gained independence, criminals were imprisoned in warships on the Thames
    • 1787
      • transportations to Australia began
    • 1787-1868
      • 160,000 convicts were transported
    • 1830s
      • Humanitarians argued that conditions were too poor
    • 1868
      • the government stopped transportation altogether
    • conditions
      • either 7 years, 14 years or life
      • 80% of convicts were thieves
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