Crime and Punishment 1700-1900

  • Created by: Rainebow
  • Created on: 14-02-19 10:44
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  • Crime and Punishment 1700-1900
    • Crimes
      • Highway Robbery
        • Reduced due to the construction of Banks and mounted patrols
        • Increased because of an increase of trade and more travellers with money
      • Smuggling
        • Seen as a social crime because people benefitted from it
      • Poaching
        • Committed out of desperation rather than malice
        • Seen as a social crime
    • Punishments
      • Hangings
        • Public hanging stopped
        • Continued in private
        • People found it entertaining so it was no longer effective
      • Transportation
        • Australia in stead of America
        • Seen as inhumane
          • Journeys were long and uncomfortable
      • Influencers
        • Robert Peel
          • Reduced crimes punishable by death by 100
          • Minor crimes punished more proportionately
          • 1823 Gaols Act
        • Elizabeth Fry
          • Female workers watch over female/child inmates
          • Organised education in Newgate
          • Improves standard of living e.g. clothes, furniture
          • Association for the  Reformation of Female Prisoners
        • John Howard
          • Campaigns for the release of all prisoners regardless of whether they can pay the release fee
          • Writes 'The State of Prisons in England and Wales'
          • Wants clean food and ater, Christian teachings private cells and paid workers
      • Prisons
        • Seen by many as rehabilitation
    • Control
      • Constables
        • Head Quarters in Scotland Yard
        • standardised training
        • centrally organised/answered to the home secretary
        • weekly pay
        • Relied on their presence as a deterrent
      • Nightwatch men
        • No uniform
        • Supposed to catch criminals in the act
        • Various services e.g. street cleaning
      • Bow Street Runners
        • Led to the formation of Police Corps
          • 1856 Police Act made it compulsory for all towns to have a police force
          • Criminal Investigations Department set up
          • Evidence began to be used in court
  • Police
    • Employed anyone
    • Weren't very clean
    • People were scared they were violent
    • Open to corruption
    • Bow Street Runners
      • Led to the formation of Police Corps
        • 1856 Police Act made it compulsory for all towns to have a police force
        • Criminal Investigations Department set up
        • Evidence began to be used in court

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