Crime and Deviance

HideShow resource information
View mindmap
  • Crime and Deviance
    • What is crime and deviance
      • crime
        • An illegal act (such as shoplifting or murder) which is punishable by law.
      • deviance
        • Behaviour that does not conform to societies norms and values and, if detected, is likely to lead to negative sanctions. Deviance can be-but is not necessarily-illegal.
    • agents of social control
      • formal social control
        • control on people behaviour based on written laws and rules.
          • legal system
          • schools
          • work
      • informal social control
        • control on peoples behaviour based on social processes such as the approval or disapproval of others.
          • religion
          • parent
          • peer groups
    • judicatory system
      • going to jail
      • other options
        • formal caution
        • informal caution
        • a reprimand
        • community service
    • socialisation
      • boys are more likely to commit crime because they are brought up with guns and violence whereas girls are brought up with dolls and rainbows.
      • peer groups and sub-cultures
      • Anomie: if society doesn't offer enough opportunities to be successful, they may turn to crime.
      • self fulfilling prophecy: being told repeatedly you are something so you start to believe it/act up to it.
    • opportunity to commit crime
      • boy have more opportunity to commit crime during adolescence because girls are more protected and confined to the house.
      • socialisation
        • boys are more likely to commit crime because they are brought up with guns and violence whereas girls are brought up with dolls and rainbows.
        • peer groups and sub-cultures
        • Anomie: if society doesn't offer enough opportunities to be successful, they may turn to crime.
        • self fulfilling prophecy: being told repeatedly you are something so you start to believe it/act up to it.
    • social control
      • during life men may control women in their lives forcing them into family roles such as stay at home mum rather than letting them go out and work.
      • opportunity to commit crime
        • boy have more opportunity to commit crime during adolescence because girls are more protected and confined to the house.
    • official crime statistics
      • validity
        • valid: its an official document, documented evidence, reliable source.
        • not valid: the results could be altered, unknown crime,un-reported crime
      • crimes that don't appear in the official crime statistics are called hidden or dark figures of crime.
        • to find out about crimes that may not have been reported the government send round victim surveys and self report surveys.
    • different types of crime:
      • white collar crime: crime committed by middle class and ruling class people.
        • occupational crime
        • professional crime
        • corporate crime
        • computer crime
      • blue collar crime: crimes committed by lower class people.

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Crime and deviance resources »