Craik + Tulving Evaluation

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  • Craik + Tulving Evaluation
    • Demand Characteristics
      • Told Ptp it was a reaction test
        • Actually was a memory test
          • Increased Validity
      • Ptp wouldn't have suffered with DC
    • Reliability
      • All questions the same
      • Questions Randomised
      • Ptp individually tested
      • Equal amount of 'yes' and 'no' answers
    • Ethics
      • Ptp were debriefed
      • Ptp were protected
      • Ptp gave consent
      • Ptp were told they could withdraw
      • Ptp were deceived, told it was a reaction test (was a memory test)
    • Ecological Validity
      • Lab Experiment = unnatural environment
      • Ptp recalling isolated random words = unusual
    • Application
      • Help students find ways of studying
        • e.g. do cue cards, don't just read notes
    • Methods
      • Repeated Measures design = don't get ptp variables
        • Increased Validity
      • Randomisation of words = ptp don't get bored
        • Increased Validity
      • Order Effects (repeated measures) = ptp get bored/tired = performance decrease
        • Decrease Validity
    • Sample
      • Not many ptp used (24)

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