• Created by: Efro
  • Created on: 14-03-20 12:34
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  • Explore the extent of which the destruction of gender roles leads to female empowerment
    • Argument 1: both Duffy and Walker subvert the female role of motherhood and economic dependence, however both authors also use mother hood as an empowering tool
      • PARA 1: women are empowered through finding jobs outside of their traditional gender role's as caretakers of the home
        • poems: Penelope, little Red Cap
          • Red cap - taught by man, could she have achieved this without him?
            • creation of Duffy's own colloquial language to find her own voice
              • Celie also uses language to tell her own story - epistolary and importance of her venacular
              • maybe PARA 3?: Subversion of the gender role of feminine demureness and lack of strong voice (?)
        • colour purple - Celie's pant business
          • however, making clothes = fulfilling female stereotype?
          • Celie also uses language to tell her own story - epistolary and importance of her venacular
      • PARA 2: Women in Walker's The Colour purple subvert the role of motherhood to achieve female empowerment
        • However, Duffy and Walker's creation of Sophia do not support this idea
          • poems: Pope Joan, Demeter
          • Celie = epistolary, cyclical structure reunited with her children at the end - spiritual empowerment?
            • Sophia - empowered but also a mother
        • Shug avery not showing a connection to her children
      • maybe PARA 3?: Subversion of the gender role of feminine demureness and lack of strong voice (?)
    • Argument 2: The 'destruction' of the female stereotype as sexually sub servant and pure can cause both empowerment and oppression
      • PARA 1: destroying the gender stereotype of sexual passivity empowers women to take control of their bodies
        • Colour Purple: Celie discovering sexual pleasure and her body through relationship with Shug
          • bildungsroman - charts emotional development but also physical development as Celie discovers her physical as well as spiritual self
          • also allows Celie to talk about her previous sexual encounters - mention of reason for letters and epistolary form -> "tell no one but God"
          • Shug helps Celie identify herself first as a creature, second as a human being, and at last as a black female, which is the most remarkable
        • Poems: Pygmalion's Bride
          • use of heteroglossia, dramatic monologue to reinforce the voice of the woman - that she wants to tell her story
      • PARA 2: However, destroying this gender role can cause the replacement of alternative gender roles that still oppress women
        • Mrs Beast - domonatrix
          • Duffy's colloquial language
          • sexual dominance as a form of male fantasy? or empowerment?
        • Is Shug fully empowered? Or afraid to give up her sexual promiscuity because it enabled her empowerment?
          • Shug’s ‘masculine’ qualities
    • Argument 3: men in both colour purple and world's wife destroy the idea of toxic masculinity and can become allies to female empowerment
      • PARA 1: Men subverting the masculine gender roles of dress
        • Mr wearing shug's dress
        • Mrs Tiresias
          • comment of freedom of sexuality
      • PARA 2: Men embrace their dominant gender roles and embrace their more 'emotional' and 'feminine' qualities which brings the two genders together and encourages equality and in turn empowers women
        • poem: Delilah but also various other poems of women emasculating the men
        • Sophia and Harpo - Harpo's love of cleaning and children
    • MAIN ARGUMENT: , gender roles are not the primary obstacle to female empowerment, therefore arguably the destruction of the female stereotypes doesn’t necessarily lead to female empowerment. Gender roles are created by a patriarchal society; therefore, the destruction of the patriarchy is needed to achieve female empowerment.


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