- course of a river
- As the river moves through theupper course it cuts downwards. The gradient here is steep and the river channel is narrow.
- he river channel is deep and wide and the land around the river is flat. Energy in the river is at its lowest and deposition occurs
- Meanders are typical landforms found in this stage of the river. A meander is a winding curve or bend in ariver. They are typical of the middle and lowercourse of a river