Topic 1: Couples (notes)

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  • Couples
    • Domestic Divisions of Labour
      • PARSONS: instrumental and expressive roles
        • Husband has an instrumental role
        • Wife has an expressive role
        • Division of labor is based on biological differences
        • Men are now taking greater share of domestic tasks
          • YOUNG AND WILLMOTT
        • Rejects PARSONS view - Only benefits men
          • FEMINISTS
      • Joint and segregated roles
        • BOTT
        • Segregated roles - Couples have separate roles and therefore separate leisure times
        • Joint - Couples share the roles and their leisure times
      • Symmetrical family
        • YOUNG AND WILLMOTT
        • Women now work
        • Men now help with houswork
        • Couples now spend leisure times together
        • Reasons for:
          • Changes in the position of women
          • Geographical mobility
          • New technology
          • Higher standards of living
      • Feminist view on housework
        • Reject MOP view
        • Men only 'help' their wives once a week
          • OAKLEY
      • OAKLEY: the rise  of the housewife role
        • Industrialisation led to the seperation of paid work
        • Still womans primary role
        • Enforced dependence on men
    • Impact of paid work
      • Commercialisation of housework
        • Housework has become 'commercialised'
          • Fast food
            • Reduces the amount of domestic labour
              • Supermarkets
              • Laundry
          • Supermarkets
          • Laundry
      • Dual burden
        • Little  evidence of a 'new man'
        • Women have to deal with paid work and unpaid housework
      • Emotion work
        • 'Labor of love'
        • Caring for other family members
      • Lesbian couples and gender scripts
        • Equal  relationship
        • Give equal importance to both partners careers
        • View childcare positively
        • Expectations and norms of a relationship
          • DUNNE
      • GERCHUNY: trend towards equality
        • Wives who didn't work - 83% of housework
        • Wives who worked part time - 82% of housework
        • Wives who worked full time - 73% of housework
        • Couples whose parents had an equal relationship are more likely to share roles
    • Resources and decision making in households
      • BARRETT AND MCINTOSH
        • Men gain more from women's domestic labor
        • Financial support from husbands comes with 'strings' attacthed
        • Men make the decisions on money
      • Decision making and paid work
        • Pooling: Both partners have access to income
        • Allowance system: Men give wives an allowance where they have to meet the families needs
        • EDGELL
          • Very important decisions: Taken by the husband, or jointly but the husband having the final say
            • Finance
            • Jobs
            • Moving house
          • Important decisions: Taken jointly or by the wife
            • Education
            • Holidays
          • Minor decisions: Usually made by the wife
            • Clothes
            • Food
    • Domestic violence
      • Official statistics
        • Most victims are women
        • 99% of incidents towards women are committed by men
        • 1 in 4 women are assaulted once, 1 in 8 are repeatedly so
      • Radical feminist explanation
        • DOBASH AND DOBASH
          • Result of patriarchy
        • We live in a patriarchal society - men have power over women
      • WILKINSON: domestic violence, inequality and stress
        • Stress over money, jobs, housing ect may result in domestic violence
        • Lack of money and time restricts peoples social circle - result in stress
      • Other groups at risk
        • Children and young people
        • Lower class
        • Elderly
        • Those with drug or alcohol addictions
          • Vulnerable
            • Children and young people
            • Elderly
            • Lower class

Comments

KayleighWalsh

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