Cosmological Argument Strength + Weakness

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  • Cosmological Argument
    • Strengths
      • It is easy to comprehend the idea that there cannot be an infinite regress of causers
      • Logical to assume that objects cannot bring themselves into existence
      • Argument begins with something we can observe
      • Reasoning begins with experience which is either universal or testable
      • Argument does not rely on fixed definitions that we must accept
      • Argument fits with the Christian idea of God
        • Omnipotent
        • Omnibenevolent
        • Omniscient
      • Makes sense to think that there is an initial cause to the universe
      • Most scientists would argue that the universe has a beginning
    • Weakness'
      • If all things need a cause then God himself must have one
      • The conclusion does not necessarily follow the premises
      • Just because things in the universe have causes does not mean that the universe as a whole, has a cause
        • We have no experiences with universes being caused so cannot claim we know that they need a cause
        • Russell
          • We have no experiences with universes being caused so cannot claim we know that they need a cause
      • The universe is just here and we do not need to question it
        • Russell
      • There is no logical absurdity to say that things come into existence on their own
        • Hume
      • Only analytic propositions can exist necessarily
        • Kant
      • Perhaps the universe has always been here

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