Cosmological Arg.

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  • Created by: Grace
  • Created on: 05-05-13 14:35
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  • Cosmological
    • cosmos = universe
    • a posteriori
    • 1-3 of Aquinas' 5 ways
    • 1st Way - the unmoved mover
      • 1. everything that moves is moved by something else
      • 2. mover must also be moved BUT there cannot be an infinite number of movers or there would be no reason for movement to start at all
      • 3. there fore there must be an unmoved mover; producing movement in everything without being moved itself
      • 4. the unmoved mover is God
    • 2nd Way- the uncaused cause
      • 1. everything has a cause
      • 2. every cause has another cause
      • 3. you cannot have an infinite number of causes
      • 4. there must be an uncaused cause which causes everything to happen without itself being caused by anything
      • 5. the uncaused cause is God.
    • Potentiality to Actuality: things achieve their potential through external influence e.g. fire burning enables wood to realise its potential to be hot
    • 3rd Way- Argument from contingency
      • 1. ordinary things start to exist then stop existing
      • 2. so at some point none of them were in existence
      • 3. but something only comes into existence by being caused by something else
      • 4. therefore there must be a being whose existence is necessary and not limited by time.
        • This being is God
    • Criticisms
      • Contradiction
        • Aquinas says nothing can cause itself (2nd Way)
        • then goes on to say that something must exist that can cause itself (God)
        • premise is contradicted by conclusion
      • The Universe just is
        • Could all be self causing and may not require an explanation
        • Bertrand Russel: "just because we have a mother doesnt mean the universe needs a mother"
        • Russel also claimed universe is just a brute fact
      • David Hume
        • C1: universe could have been infinite and not have had a cause
        • C2: could there not have been more than one mover?


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