# Correspondence Theory

• Created by: A. Person
• Created on: 17-05-17 17:33
• Correspondence Theory
• Bivalence!
• A statement is true if it corresponds to the way the world is.
• The Correspondene Relation
• Congruence.
• A truthbearer + correspondent both structured complexes.
• When correspond, a likeness of structure.
• True sentence = subject snow and predicate 'is white'
• Corresponding fact: snow + property of whiteness.
• Can be a relation of identity or likeness.
• Correspondence holds between fact and proposition when have same structure, and same constituents in same structural position.
• Aristotle: a statement is true if it says of what is that it is!
• Correspondence Without Facts?
• Tarski provides the core of this.
• Truth of a sentence determined by relations of reference and satisfaction.
• Correspondence holds between objects + properties.
• Disquotation: 'snow' refers to snow.
• Too vacuous?
• Field: a causal relation.
• Thoughts + sentences have content they do as a result of a representation relation to the external world.
• Problems
• Slingshot Argument
• P and Q denote same fact if: Loically equivalent, or differ only through co-extensive terms.
• 'S' abbreviates some true sentence. Corresponds to fact that s.
• Can substitute for this fact: '[The X, such that X is identical to Diogenes and S is identical to [The X, such that X is identical with DIogenes'.
• So in other words, given the principle of substitution, we can substitute 't' for 's', so long as 't' is true~
• Basically can get to the fact that grass is green from the fact that snow is white...!
• If truths correspond to facts, all correspond to the same 'Great Fact'.
• Or at least - if a statement corresponds to one fact, it corresponds to them all (Red Bluff example!)
• Logically compound truths
• Unclear what facts could correspond!
• Respond - truth makers? Can make multiple truths true!