Cornwall- migration

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  • Cornwall
    • Health and lifestyle
      • Royal Cornwall Hospital provides a wide range of health treatments
        • 26 mile journey from Penzance
          • life/death in the case of a severe heart attack/stroke
      • 38% of villages have a doctors surgery
        • villages of Sennen , St.Buryan and Polgigga have surgeries just one morning a week
      • difficult transport
        • buses to Penzance and St.Ives only operate 70% of the villages
          • 3/4 buses a day
          • people rely on cars/trains
      • Penzance + St Ives  leisure centre
        • 5 mile bus journey
          • £3.50
    • Housing
      • unaffordable
        • 12% social houses (increasing)
        • 2/3 of the people who don't have a home , cannot afford one
          • 'right to buy' - 1980's and 90's social housing can be bought
      • causes immigration of young people
      • young people and low income earners have to compete with older migrants
      • cottages have been bought by investors who use them as second homes (5% of housing)
    • Tourism
      • attracts 4 million visitors
      • directly employs 25% of the Cornwall population
        • Seasonal / poorly paid / part time jobs
      • visitor numbers vary (weather?)
      • only 1/3 of the profit contributes to the Cornwall economy ( chains: hotels / pubs)
    • Services + Welfare provision
      • schools are under threat
        • some travel 3 hrs. to school
          • difficult access without a car
      • village store + petrol garage in Gorran , South Cornwall have been closed down due to the  re-development of housing
    • Out-migration
      • over 50% of those aged 16-18  expect to leave the county
      • Many go to uni. and stay permanently
      • reduced size in working population leaves the county with reduced economic potential
      • emigration of young people in exchange for older age groups creates a high proportion of people on low income
    • Background info.
      • elderly population and one of the UK's lowest average incomes
      • 2007 - one of the UK's most deprived areas for health
        • shorter life expectancy
          • as low as 75 in Penzance
        • a greater likelihood of serious illnesses and disability
          • It is predicted that by 2030 59% of the over 65 population will have a limiting long term illness
      • geographically isolated
        • no motrways
        • slow rail services
        • 1 airport with expensive fairs
      • full time income (2008) - around  £21 000
        • around 80% of UK's average
          • decline of traditional jobs and tourism

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