cornish rebellion

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  • Cornish (1497)
    • Caused by H.VII's need for money and the heavy taxation demands he made
    • Had an impact on the way H.VII responded to other threats.
    • Parliament had granted money to fight Warbeck. Cornish refused to pay the tax, as it had nothing to do with them as the threat was coming from the North (Scots)
      • This suggests that not all areas of the kingdom were absorbed into the nation
    • This rebellion had an added layer of severity due to the fact it overlapped with the Warbeck rebellion.
    • The rebels left Bodmin in May 1497 in an orderly fashion, ready to present their grievances to H.VII
    • The rebels marched through Cornwall (gaining support from members of the clergy + gentry + further support in Somerset
    • Cross section of society = grievances cut across class barriers. (gained the support of the poor L.Audley
    • Upon reaching Guildford= 15,000. This combined with the threat of Warbeck= serious threat to H.VII. They also had been able to march so far without being challenged.
    • However the closer they got to LDN, the more their numbers began to decrease perhaps due to fears of royal opps or being so far from home
    • Remaining rebels made their way to Blackheath + made it clear that their complaints were with the "evil councillors" a theme that would be echoed throughout the Tudor reign
      • Morton and Bray were blamed for "excessive financial demands"
    • H.VII assembled a force of 25,000 men + around 1,000 rebels were killed while the rest fled in panic. 2 local leaders and L.Audley = executed.
    • The rebels had only been able to get so far due to H.VII being more concerned with Warbeck, due to his links with the Yorkist challenge.
      • Shows that areas of the kingdowm weren't willing to fund a campaign that sought to defend the Tudor monarchy
    • Could be a protest against local gvt officials who were failing in their admin duties. The severity of H.VII's response shows how much of a threat the rebellion was (leaders were executed, those involved were heavily fined)
    • H.VII only commanded limited loyalty, these who didn't support the rebellion didn't necessarily support H.VII.

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