controversies - non human animals pt 2

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  • Created by: Elyseee
  • Created on: 21-03-21 19:42
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  • non human animals pt 2
    • Ethological psychology
      • Ethologists seek to study animals n a way that doesn’t affect their behaviour, observing animals in natural environment with little interference
      • Lorenz 1935 - arranged goslings to hatch so that he was first moving thing they saw, goslings followed lorenz everywhere as if he were their mother, this research had important influence on understanding emotional development (like Harlow)
      • Fossey 1983 - observed gorillas in their natural habitat to gain greater understanding of their social relationships
    • Speciesism
      • Animal rights
        • Regan 1984 - argues there are no circumstances in which animal research is acceptable
        • Singer’s view is utilitarian ie whatever produces greater good for greater number of individuals is ethically acceptable - if animals research alleviates pain and suffering, is it justifiable
        • Regan’s view is absolutist - animals have a right to respect and shouldn’t be used in research
        • Animals rights argument can be challenged by examining concept of rights
        • Having rights is dependent on having responsibilities in society - animals do not have responsibilities, so do not have rights
      • Singer 1975 - discrimination on basis of species is no different than gendered or racial discrimination, suggested use of animals is example of speciesism
      • Gray 1991 - suggested we have special duty of care to humans, speciesism is not equivalent to racism
    • Further notes
      • Chimpanzees share 98% of DNA with us
      • Even if animals are genetically similar to humans, they only share a genotype with us; they do not share a phenotype, which is a wider description of biology and environment. - suggests percentage of shared DNA is not as significant as we think, chimpanzees among other animals are less genetically similar to us than we think

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