controversies - non human animals pt 1

  • Created by: Elyseee
  • Created on: 21-03-21 12:40
View mindmap
  • non human animals pt 1
    • BPS guidelines for psychologists working with animals
      • Published guidelines for research with animals by BPS -
        • conform to current legislation
        • Heed 3 Rs- reduce, replace, refine
        • Choose species suited to research purposes
        • Be aware of animal’s previous experiences
        • Remember responsibilities extend to care of animals when not being studied, including provision of companions for social animals
        • Pay special attention to procedures that may cause pain, ensure such procedures are carefully evaluated and alternative considered
        • Consider food intake , normal food intake and metabolic requirements are met
      • Animals (scientific procedures) Act 1986 - requires research with non-human animals is only permitted by licensed researchers on licensed projects. Licences only granted by Home Office if -
        • knowledge to be gained from investigation justifies harm or distress to animal participants
        • Research cannot be done using non-animal methods
        • Discomfort or suffering is kept to minimum by appropriate use of anaesthetics or painkillers
        • Act only relates to vertebrate animals, and those more than halfway through their gestation period. One vertebrate species - octopus - added in 1993. Primates, cats, dogs and horses have additional protection
    • Comparative psychology
      • study of non-human animals , often with intention of making comparisons with humans
      • Harlow 1959 - placed infant rhesus monkeys in a cage with two wire mothers, one with cloth and one with a feeding bottle. Monkeys chose to spend most time with cloth mother demonstrative importance of contact conform over feeding
      • Monkeys developed into emotionally maladjusted adult despite their contact comfort - couldn’t socialise with other monkeys and rejected their own infants
      • Research had important influence on understanding of infant emotional development, recognition that feeding alone was not the basis of the bond between caregiver and infant
      • Should be acknowledged that some comparative research may be applied to benefit animal’s lives
      • Harlow’s research can be used to help improve the lives of monkeys in captivity or for breeding programmes for species in danger of extinction
      • pavlov's dogs
      • Skinner's rate


No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all controversies resources »