Controlling Blood Glucose

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  • Insulin
  • Glucagon
  • Type 1 diabetes
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  • Created by: Ellie
  • Created on: 18-04-14 18:32
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  • Controlling Blood Glucose
    • Insulin & Glucagon
      • Control blood glucose
        • Levels of glucose in the blood need to be kept steady
        • Changes in blood glucose are monitored and controlled by the pancreas
      • Eating foods containing carbohydrates puts glucose into the blood from the gut
      • The normal metabolism of cells removes glucose from blood
        • Vigorous exercise removes much more glucose from the blood
      • Hormones
      • If the blood glucose level is to high INSULIN is added
      • If blood glucose levels are too low GLUCAGON is added
    • Type 1 Diabetes
      • A medical condition where the pancreas doesn't produce enough insulin
      • Controlled in 2 ways
        • avoiding foods high in carbohydrates and taking regular exercise after eating
        • injecting insulin into the blood at mealtimes
          • the amount injected depends on the individual, their lifestyle and their diet.
      • Human insulin is injected
        • genetic engineering
      • Patients could have a pancreas transplant, but the body could reject the organ

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