crime and deviancwe

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  • Created by: Molly
  • Created on: 01-12-12 15:58
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  • control theory: Hirschi's social bonds theory
    • similar view to Durkhiem that social order is based on shared values and socialization through institutions integrating individuals into society
      • however the control theory takes the opposite approach, instead of asking people what drives them to commit crime, Hirschi asks why most people do not commit crime.
      • control theorists argue that all human beings suffer from weaknesses whcih make them potentially unable to resist temptation and turn to crime but that there are social bonds with other people that encourage them to exercise self control, tie them to conformity and restrain them from commiting crime
        • if these social bonds are weakened or broken their self control is weakened and they will turn to crime
    • four social bonds
      • identifies four social bonds which pull people away from crime and perusade them to conform.
        • belief
          • people share moral beliefs
        • attatchement
          • people are sensitive to and interested in the wishes of others.
        • commitment
          • people committed to conventional activities like working
        • involvement
          • people are involved and kept busy with sports teams, activities, community etc..
    • evaluation
      • it recognizes the importance of socialzation and social control in maintaining a cohesive society and the idea of social integration through social bonds is well established in functionalist theory
      • assumes those who commit crime and deviance have broken away from these bonds but mertons theory suggests that criminals are commited to those values.
      • it doesnt explain why some have weaker bonds than others.
      • doesnt explain the variety of forms of deviance and crime
      • it dosent recognize that it is possible to be deviant and have tight social bonds e.g drug users with successful careers.
      • suggests that everyone is a potential criminal and therefore our behaviour should be closely controlled and monitored.


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