History Fascism & terror

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  • Created by: kit
  • Created on: 13-05-13 17:35
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  • Control and terror
    • Propaganda/Public relations
      • Parades
      • Speeches
        • 'Great respected and feared'
      • Architecture - impressive display of italian might
      • Sports - physicality - 'win or die'-->football
      • Newspapers
        • Controlled by state 'Minculpop' / Muss was ed of Il Popola d'Italia
          • Some/not loads of censorship
    • Unaware
      • Many were unaware of indoctrination
      • co-existence of fascist/modern art
      • meditteranean culture - chill
      • Ammount of control before power - reduced need during power
        • threats - e.g. matteoti already eliminated
    • Education
      • indoctrinate the young/ less opposition when older
        • other influences still available though
      • all teachers = pnf
    • Cult of personality
      • Support early on from elite groups - wanted association
      • lower groups in awe
      • Near super human
        • magnitude  discouraged opposition
        • greatly multi faceted
      • Locarno speed boat entrance
    • Terror
      • Secret  police - OVRA - 5000 people
        • Operated Tribunale Speciale {separate from normal courts}
          • Dealt with state enemies
          • Actions were independant not state governed
            • subtle
          • Tapped peoples phones
          • House arrrest/exhile
          • No trial/sent to penal colonies
          • 21,000 tried in total
            • convictions = rare 3/4 were aquitted
            • only 26 political executions
      • not a huge ammount of opposition  - not vital
        • Matteotii killed- example
      • 'Italy wants [peace and quiet, work and calm. I will give these with love is possible and force if necessary'

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