Constitution

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  • Constitution
    • Article 3
      • Section 2
        • Says what cases the Supreme Court must decide.
        • It also guarantees trial by jury in criminal court.
      • Section 1
        • Establishes the Supreme Court, the highest court in the United States.
        • Judge serve for life, or until they want to retire.
      • Section 3
        • Defines, without any question, what the crime of treason is.
    • Article 6
      • Requires all officers of the United States and of the states to swear an oath of allegiance to the United States and the Constitution when taking office.
      • Guarantees that the Constitution and all laws and treaties of the United States to be the supreme law of the country.
    • Article 2
      • Section 3
        • President must give a yearly speech to the nation.
        • Give suggestions to Congress.
        • Meet with Ambassadors and other heads of state from other nations.
        • Ensure the laws of the United States are carried out.
      • Section 2
        • President leads the armed forces.
        • He has a Cabinet to aid him, and can pardon criminals.
        • He makes treaties with other nations (2/3 of the Senate have to approve of the treaty).
        • Picks many of the judges and other members of the government.
      • Section 4
        • Explains how to kick the president from office, called impeachment.
      • Section 1
        • Establishes the office of the President and the Vice-President.
        • Both serve for four years.
        • Presidents are elected by the Electoral.
        • Must be 35 years old.  Must be born in the USA.
        • Their pay cannot change, up or down, as long as he in is office.
    • Article 5
      • 2/3 of the Senators must vote on the change.
      • 2/3 of the Representatives must vote on the change.
      • 3/4 of the States must vote for the change
    • Article 4
      • Section 3
        • How new states come into the Nation.
        • Control of federal lands.
      • Section 2
        • Citizens of one state are treated equally and fairly like all citizens of another.
        • It also says that if a person accused of a crime in one state flees to another will be returned to the state that person fled from.
      • Section 4
        • Ensures a “Power by the People” government.
        • Guarantees that the federal government will protect the states against.
      • Section 1
        • All states will honor the laws of all other states.
    • Article 7
      • Of the original 13 states in the United States, nine had to accept the Constitution before it would officially go into effect.
    • Article 1
      • Section 1
        • All legislative powers shall be vested in Congress
      • Section 2
        • Defines the House of Representatives, known as the lower house of Congress.
        • Must be 25 years old, will serve for two years each.  Must be a citizen 7 years.
        • Each state gets Representatives based on state population.
        • Has a leader called the Speaker of the House.
      • Section 3
        • Defines the Senate, knows as the upper house of the Congress.
        • Must be 30 years old, will serve for six years each.  Must be a citizen 9 years.
        • Each state gets two Senators.
        • Vice-President breaks tie votes.
      • Section 4
        • Says that each state may establish its own methods for electing members of the Congress.
        • Requires, that Congress must meet at least once per year.
      • Section 5
        • Says that Congress must have a minimum number of members present in order to meet.
        • Fines for members who do not show up. It says that members may be expelled.
        • Each house must keep a journal to record proceedings and votes.
        • Neither house can adjourn without the permission of the other.
      • Section 8
        • Gives Congress the power to establish and maintain an army and navy.
        • To establish post offices, to create courts, to regulate commerce between the states, to declare war, and to raise money.
      • Section 6
        • Establishes that members of Congress will be paid.
        • They cannot be detained while traveling to and from Congress.
        • That they cannot hold any other office in the government while in the Congress.
      • Section 9
        • Can not suspend right to remain silent laws.
        • Can not pass laws that make things illegal starting yesterday or last week, etc.
        • No law can give preference to one state over another
        • Can not spend money without permission.
      • Section 7
        • Say how bills become law.
        • All bills must pass both houses of Congress in the exact same form.
        • Bills that pass both houses are sent to the President.
        • He can either sign the bill, in which case it becomes law, or he can veto it.
        • If he vetoes a bill, it is sent back to Congress, and if both houses pass it by a two-thirds majority, the bill becomes law over the President's veto.
      • Section 10
        • States can’t make their own money, or declare war, or tax goods from other states.

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