Constitution (Examples)

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  • Constituion
    • Statutes of Constituional Significance
    • Constitutional Conventions
      • Royal Prerogative
        • Crown Powers are mainly used by the PM and the Cabinet
          • Patronage, Declaring War, Ratification of international treaties
      • Collective Ministerial Responsibility
        • defines relationship between ministers and the Cabinet/between government and Parliament/motion of "no confidence"
    • Works of Constitutional Authority
      • Walter Bagehot's "The English Constitution"
        • Provided the classic definition of the role of the PM ("first among equals")
      • A.V. Dicey's "Introduction to the Study of the Law of the Constitution"
        • Defined the Parliamentary Sovereignty and the Rule of Law as the twin pillars of the constitution.
      • Thomas Erskine May's "Treatise on the Law, Privileges,  Proceedings and Use of Parliament".
    • EU Laws and Treaties
      • Treaty of Rome 1957
        • Creation of European Commnuity
      • Single European Act 1986
        • Single Market within the EC
      • Treaty on EU (Maastricht Treaty) 1993
        • Introduced political union - EU/ UK opted out single currency
      • Treaty of Lisbon 2009
        • Planned to create a EU Constitution, ended up creating decision making arrangements within the EU
  • Constitutional Reform Act 2005
    • Statutes of Constituional Significance
    • Creation of the Supreme Court instead of Law Lords
  • Parliament Acts of 1911 and 1949
    • Limited the powers of the House of Lords
  • Scotland Act 1998
    • Established the Scottish Parliament
  • Human Rights Act 1998
    • Wrote the ECHR into statute law
  • Government of Wales Act 1998
    • Established Welsh Assembly
  • House of Lords Act 1999
    • Stopped all but 92 hereditary peers from sitting in the House of Lords
  • Constitutional Conventions
    • Royal Prerogative
      • Crown Powers are mainly used by the PM and the Cabinet
        • Patronage, Declaring War, Ratification of international treaties
    • Collective Ministerial Responsibility
      • defines relationship between ministers and the Cabinet/between government and Parliament/motion of "no confidence"

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